• 26 August 2021

Hormonal Imbalance, Enlargement of ovary, Cyst formation on ovary surface, Secretion of high amount of male hormones (androgens), Impact during ovulation phase i.e. reproductive phase of women, Irregular & skipped periods

Global & National Prevalence

  • Affecting 4% -10% of women of reproductive age
  • Prevalence of PCOS in India ranges from 3.7 to 22.5 per cent
  • More prevalent in urban women

What causes PCOS/PCOD?

  • Ovaries produce female sex hormones (estrogen & progesterone) as well as small
  • amounts of androgens. These hormones regulate the ovulation during the menstrual cycle
  • In PCOS, the level of these hormones surpasses the normal level and production of androgens breaches the normal level
  • The excessive release of androgens results in exceesive growth of hairs
  • Ovulation leads to release of eggs in every menstrual cycle, but in PCOS eggs are not released from ovarian follicles and forms cysts

Signs and Symptoms

The release of high amounts of male hormones results in:

  • Irregular periods or no periods at all
  • Heavy bleeding
  • Fertility problem (issues in getting pregnant)
  • Excessive hair growth usually on the face, chest, back or buttocks
  • Weight gain
  • Thinning hair and hair loss from the head
  • Oily skin or acne
  • Headaches
  • Dark skin patches creating body creases
  • Depression
  • Mood swings

General causes of the disease:

  • Genetic reasons
  • Insulin resistance
  • Inflammatory conditions
  • Early menarche
  • Poor lifestyle
  • Excessive Pollution


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